Here are the 9 most amazing and ancient structures of the world known for their grand architecture. Take a look and discover how our ancestors had a mind and caliber of absolute perfection.
Megalithic Temples of Malta – Ancient Structures
Built from local stones, speaking volumes of artistic proficiency, these temples were discovered by European & Maltese archaeologists in the 19th century. The group of temples here made out of stones and rocks has been built somewhere between 3,500 to 2,500 BC, making them even older than Stonehenge and Egyptian Pyramids.
Although nothing substantial could be derived about the creators of these temples, the artifacts on the walls exhibiting livestock sacrifices explain that the local farmers must have built them.
The island of Malta has these small temples all built together using massive stones placed one next to the other. They are believed to be the oldest temples of world civilization. These include the temples of Ggantija on Gozo Island and others such as Mnajdra, Hagar Qim, and more on Malta Island.
Hulbjerg Jættestue, Denmark’s Ancient Structures
A structure dating back to almost 3200 B.C., the Hulbjerg Jættestue in Denmark was discovered with skulls and corpses, around 40 in number, out of which one of them provided strong evidence of the earliest dentistry work in the history of Europe.
Denmark’s Heritage Agency states that the corpses recovered from the grave passage comprise mostly of people from the early days of Funnelbeaker culture in Denmark. In addition to the corpses were mostly of children and adults, a flint Drill used for puncturing abscesses during root canals in dentistry was also recovered, along with a number of sharpened axes and flint chisels, and ceramics.
This site in Southern Turkey is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is evidence of the most important human settlement, exhibiting a transition from the nomadic life to an urban settling culture. Dating back to 7400 BC, this structure contains a cluster of small nooks and cranny’s that look like small homes with a ubiquitous roof built-in 47 hectares area comprising 2 hills. It is also believed to represent how the people lived in close-knit households with roof access to each household, depicting the traits of egalitarian stone-age society that existed in those times.
Gobekli Tepe, Turkey
This structure in the South East of Turkey is officially the oldest man-made structure in the world, among those discovered, and dates back to 8400 BC to 12000 BC. Also called the “Potbelly Hill”, it constitutes more than 200 man-made huge pillars, each pillar stretching about 6 m tall and as heavy as 10 tonnes or more. The pillars are carved upon with images of animals in addition to other things.
This stone-age structure dates back to more than 5,000 years ago and holds a significant place in Ireland’s ancient east. This architectural marvel has a large mound that measures 279 ft in diameter and stands 43 ft high with a stone passageway of approx. 63 ft long, spread over an area of 1 acre. One very interesting fact about the mound is that during the winter solstice, the sun floods the passageway and the chambers inside the mound, hence it is believed to be aligned according to the phenomenon by the builders. Also, the passage is surrounded by huge rocks, especially the entrance rock being the main attraction. The huge rock has beautiful patterns carved throughout which will surely catch the eye.
This structure has been categorized as a prehistoric temple, as the edifice is said to have been used for religious, spiritual, and astrological purposes.
Monte d’Accoddi, Italy
This site was built in between 2,700 and 2,000 BC and was discovered in 1954 in Sardinia, Italy. Yet another marvel of stone architecture, the structure has a pyramid wall and steps made of stones, which also depicts that its usage could be for an altar, temple, or step pyramid.
Experts say that this structure also marks the cultural transition from Neolithic to Eneolithic. The structure erection date is argued upon as experts suggest that the radiocarbon dating has hypothesized the building being as old as between 4000 BC and 3000 BC. Many ceramic artifacts and Pottery fragments were also discovered from the site which indicates that the shrine was used in the Copper Age.
Tumulus of Bougon, Western France
Five burial mounds, lying in a series form a ‘Tumulus of Bougon’ located in Bougon region and dates back to 4700 BC. The site was discovered by archaeologists in 1840 and stands as one of the oldest megalithic architectural marvels in France.
It was converted into a museum and is open to the public to explore the prehistoric funerary architecture and Neolithic culture of the surrounding villages, via the unique barrows consisting of multiple chambers inside. The excavations also discovered human burials in the barrows which consist of circular or elongated monumental graves varying from Tumulus A to Tumulus F, where hundreds of skeletons and grave goods were unearthed.
The Wall of Jericho in West Bank
Contrary to the fact that wall building was limited until the late 15th century, Jericho city, famous for ‘Book of Joshua’, has been witness to the oldest known ‘protective wall’ in the world. The Walls of Jericho were built around 8000 BC and are said to be built for protecting the Neolithic settlement in the city, which was destroyed by the Israelites. A massive stone tower of 28-foot inside the stone walls was found with a 22 steps staircase.
The stone walls in these ancient structures were built primarily to protect almost 2,000 to 3,000 people in the city from floodwaters. The stone tower is amongst the oldest in the world and experts suggest that the tower was depictive of motivating people for a shared lifestyle.
Khirokitia, alternatively named Choirokhoitia is one of the amazing ancient structures that also dates back to the Neolithic age in the Mediterranean region and beyond. The site situated on the slope of a hill holds the utmost importance in the prehistoric culture of the Eastern Mediterranean as it exhibits the study of permanent human occupation between 15200 BC ending till 4500 to 2000 BC. The inhabitation which is believed to have started from the Proto-Neolithic period indicates that ‘Khirokitia’ was founded for use by sedentary farmers, for herding pigs and goats, as well as for cultivation of cereals, before being abandoned abruptly. It was then again inhabited after more than 1,000 years in the ceramic-Neolithic Period and was reused for agricultural and other domestic purposes.
Discovered in 1934, the site has been well-preserved to further explore the spread of civilization.
The excavation discovered circular houses made of stone and mud-brick, with flat roofs that were either made of branches or clay mud. The houses built on the eastern side of the hill were guarded by a huge wall on one side and a natural slope of the river on the other. However, gateways were built by piercing the walls. Also, human burials were discovered under the rammed earth floors of these ancient structures. Animal bones were found which depict domestication culture among the people. Several carvings and figurine impressions on the stone also describe that the people had spiritual beliefs too at this early period.
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