newly elected PM Maia Sandu (image via flickr)

How democracy emerges from the ruins of authoritarianism is quite manifest from the political development of Moldova, a country sandwiched between Ukraine and Romania. Moldova, with a communist legacy that spans over decades before it attained its independence from the Soviet Union after the collapse of mighty communist state in the early 1990’s.  Still, there are visible traces of what is left of the Soviet Union’s monolithic remnant and representative, we know as Russia.

In February this year, elections took place in Moldova, the country whose nostalgia with its past glory under Soviet Union is evident, as it became in early 2000s the only ex-Soviet state to democratically elect an unreformed Communist party. However, after 28 years since its independence from the Soviet Union, the impoverished eastern European state has made a leap forward to democratization, with the formation of an unnatural coalition of pro-Russia and pro-EU parties. The seemingly irreconcilable alliance was a result of months-long bargain and haggling between different political groups which had gained parliamentary seats in the February elections this year which saw a hung parliament.

In the February elections, the pro-Russian President Igor Dodon’s party of Socialists gained the most seats, followed by the Democratic Party of Moldova, led by Vladimir Plahotniuc, whose party came second, and was at the helm of affairs during the transition period. The party that came third was the pro-Europe, ACUM.

Apparently, the results seemed too inconclusive to allow any possibility of electoral alliance and the months that followed strengthened this assertion. But just before the deadline to form the government was about to end, the Socialists and the ACUM agreed to work together in a coalition government. They struck an agreement on June 7, two days before the deadline date to form the government or face a possible dissolution of the inconclusive parliament.

But the party that came second and had been running the government, challenged the legitimacy of the alliance, claiming that it was formed after the post-election deadline which is three months after the elections.

However, the prospects of an alliance between a pro-EU and pro-Russia group is welcoming and indicative of the political development in the nation of 3.5 million people. But as the bargain was struck, the possibility of an alliance was disputed by Mr. Plahotniuc’s party that challenged the results in the Constitutional court.

The court also ruled that the alliance that was sealed on June 8, between ACUM and the Socialists had missed the constitutional deadline to form the government. However, the expected PM, Ms. Maia Sandu, the ACUM leader, questioning the independence of the courts, believed that the judiciary had “shaved two days off”, that were to expire on June 9, a day before the alliance was forged.

However, what could be termed as the tumultuous months following the elections, finally ended on June 14 when the former ruling Democratic Party (PDM) conceded defeat and stepped down “to avoid an escalation which could lead to violence.” as the vice president of the PDM, Vladimir Cebotari put it.

With PDM’s leader, oligarch Vladimir Plahotniuc leaving Moldova in haste on June 15, the newly formed coalition government’s PM Sandu accused him of crime and corruption, resolving to extradite him, and all those responsible for usurping and terrorizing the citizens of her country in order to hold them accountable for all the abused, they have done. The recent political developments in the country have undoubtedly encouraged the politics of cooperation, which have been conspicuous by their absence in the past.