Transitional deal of Sudan
Photo by Marco Verch at flickr.com

In a major development, the transitional deal is signed between Sudan’s Transitional Military Council (TMC) and the opposition coalition. This article deals with the future perspectives of this transitional deal. Political analysts opine that the transitional deal will pave the way of democratic set up in Sudan. 

The dialogue process between the TMC and opposition started after the resignation of former president Omar al Bashir. President Omar had to resign as a result of massive protests against him. The deal between the stakeholders was signed on Saturday. 

The deal was signed between Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo and Ahmed al- Rabie. Mr. Dagalo is deputy chief of TMC and Ahmed al-Rabie represented the Alliance for Freedom and Change Umbrella Group. 

This deal states that a joint council will be framed. This council will consist of the members of both the opposition alliance and military. This council will rule Sudan for three years. In the meantime, the council will organize free and fair elections in the country. This council will also form a cabinet consisting of activists and the legislative body. 

The agreement ceremony was attended by the head of states and representatives of many countries. Media reports from Sudan indicate that people are happy on this deal. Political experts believe that this deal is an important milestone towards the civilian rule in Sudan. 

Some experts are showing concerns on this deal. They believe that the mighty military council will backtrack from a few important clauses of this agreement. They think that TMC can create hurdles in the implementation of this agreement to prolong its rule. They opine that TMC will do its best to keep civilians out of government. 

Thousands of people gathered in Khartoum to celebrate this deal. People came from various parts of the country to take part in the historic event. People in the event thought that the civilian-led government will make Sudan a progressive state. 

This historic deal was signed as a result of international pressure. Experts had warned that the situation could have ignited a civil war. This deal has ended a turmoil like situation in the country. This agreement is brokered by the African Union and Ethiopia. Currently, both the TMC and opposition are happy on this deal. 

Experts believe that this deal has given a way forward to democracy in the country. Besides this, an expected civil war has also been averted. Some experts also opine that the civil government will face many challenges after assuming the office. 

People of Sudan had to wait for many years to avail the democracy. Now their expectations are also high. Their expectations will be the major challenge for civilian rule. Political turmoil posed the worst effects on the economy of Sudan. Infrastructure and development have been halted. People’s living standards are falling and poverty is increasing. Joblessness is also at a peak. The civilian government will have to address all these issues. Otherwise, people’s expectations will be converted into disappointment which can hurt democracy. 

Conclusively we can say that Sudan is moving towards democracy. However, democracy will come only if all the clauses of the transitional deal implemented in time. Experts opine that the TMC can use various tactics to delay the implementation of this deal. The delaying tactics can result in the rebirth of political crisis. On the other hand, the opposition should also stick to the deal. It should not adopt the path of agitation again because it will provide TMC with an excuse to prolong its rule.

Related: SUDAN REVOLUTION – A GATEWAY TO DEMOCRACY OR DICTATORSHIP?